Mercedes M-Class W163

since 1997 release

Repair and operation of the car



Mercedes W163
+ Mercedes-Benz cars of a class M (W163)
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
- Cooling systems, heating and air conditioner
   - Engine cooling system
      Antifreeze - a security measure from freezing
      Replacement of cooling liquid - general comments
      Replacement of hoses of the cooling system
      Check of the thermostat
      Removal and installation of the thermostat
      Removal and installation of a radiator of the cooling system
      Removal and installation of assembly of the fan of the cooling system
      Removal and installation of the water pump
   + Systems of ventilation, heating and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check of the thermostat

Check without removal of the thermostat

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Before removing and checking operability of the thermostat, be convinced that problems with cooling of the engine arose not owing to insufficient amount of cooling liquid or a weak tension of a driving belt. Be convinced of serviceability of the indicator located on a combination of devices.
  2. If you noticed that the engine long gets warm up to the working temperature (according to indications of the indicator), the thermostat, perhaps, is jammed in open situation. In this case the thermostat should be replaced.
  3. On the other hand, long warming up can be a consequence of lack of the thermostat. It could be made specially or inadvertently (forgot to establish after repair). Do not use the car without thermostat. The control system of the engine will keep the engine in the warming up mode longer time. During this time the engine will consume bigger amount of fuel, and the fulfilled gases will contain bigger amount of harmful impurity.
  4. If the engine overheats, touch the top hose of a radiator. If it not hot, but the engine is overheated, the thermostat, perhaps, jammed in a closed position. Liquid does not get to a radiator and circulates on a small circle. In this case replace the thermostat.
  5. If the top hose of a radiator hot, it means that the thermostat is open and liquid normally circulates on system. In this case study the recommendations provided in the Section Diagnostics of Malfunctions.

Check with removal of the thermostat

Check of serviceability of functioning of the thermostat


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Remove the thermostat (see the Section Removal and installation of the thermostat).
  2. If the thermostat at the room temperature is abroach - it is faulty and is subject to replacement.
  3. For rough check of operability of the thermostat suspend it on a piece of a twine in the container with water. The thermostat should not concern capacity walls. Begin to heat capacity.
  4. In process of water heating the thermostat has to open (it occurs just before water boiling). As temperature of boiling of water makes 100 °C, the thermostat can not open completely (address Specifications). Take the thermostat and let's it cool down. In process of cooling it has to be closed completely.
  5. If the thermostat does not open when heating or is not closed when cooling, replace it.
  6. At installation of the thermostat pay attention to the next moments:

    a) Carefully clear the interfaced surfaces and replace a sealing ring;
    b) Place the thermostat in a casing, having correctly oriented;
    c) Tighten bolts of fastening of a cover, having made the required effort;
    d) Establish all hoses on former places then fill in cooling liquid (address the Head the Current leaving and service);
    e) Start the engine, warm up up to the working temperature and be convinced of lack of leaks.